1. I
the apples are beginning to spoil яблоки начинают портиться /гнить/
2. III
1) spoil smth. spoil a pudding (smb.'s dinner, smb.'s picnic, smb.'s appetite, everything, smb.'s clothes, smb.'s beauty, a piece of work, smb.'s life, a joke, etc.) испортить пудинг и т.д.; spoil smb.'s watch (smb.'s fountain-pen, a toy, etc.) испортить /сломать/ чьи-л. часы и т.д.; spoil the set разрознить набор; why do you always spoil our pleasure? почему ты нам всегда отравляешь удовольствие?; we had such a good time, she came and spoiled all the fun мы так веселились, а она пришла и все испортила; spoil smb.'s plans сорвать чьи-л. планы
2) spoil smb. spoil one's children баловать /портить/ детей
3. IV
spoil smth. in some manner spoil smth. completely (utterly, quite, hopelessly, partly, sadly, stupidly /foolishly/, recklessly, etc.) совершенно /полностью/ испортить что-л.
4. XI
1) be spoil t the girl is terribly spoilt девочка страшно избалована; be spoilt by smth. his temper had been spoilt by petty worries у него испортился характер из-за [бесконечных] мелких неприятностей; the child is being spoiled by too much attention (by favours, etc.) ребенка балуют излишним вниманием и т.д.
2) be spoilt by smth. their holidays were spoilt by bad weather плохая погода испортила им каникулы; the fresh paint has been spoilt by the rain свежая краска пострадала от дождя; the picture is spoilt by too much detail обилие деталей портит картину; the flowers in the garden were spoiled by the wind ветер сломал цветы в саду
5. XVI
spoil in smth. lettuces are only spoiling in the garden салат только портится /гниет, преет/ в огороде; meat will spoil quickly in such weather (in, the sun, etc.) мясо в такую погоду и т.д. быстро испортится /долго лежать не может/
spoil with doing smth. spoil with keeping портиться от времени /от долгого хранения/
7. XXI1
spoil smth. by smth.
1) spoil the impression by laughter (the pleasure of the party by his impolite behaviour, the effect of his genuine kindness by his rudeness, etc.) испортить впечатление смехом и т.д.; spoil smth. for smb. spoil the pleasure (the holidays, dinner, etc.) for smb. испортить /отравить/ кому-л. удовольствие и т.д.
2) spoil smb. with /by/ smth. spoil a child with praise (a girl with kindness, smb.'s temper by flattery, etc.) испортить ребенка похвалами и т.д.
spoil smth. by doing smth. spoil the air in the room by smoking надымить в комнате; spoil the book by making it dirty испачкать книгу; spoil one's eyes by reading in the dusk испортить зрение чтением в темноте; spoil a cake by overbaking [it] передержать пирог в духовке; don't spoil your new clothes by wearing them too much не занашивай новую одежду; spoil a joke in the telling плохо рассказать шутку и испортить все впечатление

English-Russian dictionary of verb phrases. 2013.

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Смотреть что такое "spoil" в других словарях:

  • Spoil — (spoil), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Spoiled} (spoild) or {Spoilt} (spoilt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Spoiling}.] [F. spolier, OF. espoillier, fr. L. spoliare, fr. spolium spoil. Cf. {Despoil}, {Spoliation}.] 1. To plunder; to strip by violence; to pillage; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spoil — n Spoil, plunder, booty, prize, loot, swag can mean something of value that is taken from another by force or craft. Spoil applies to the movable property of a defeated enemy, which by the custom of old time warfare belongs to the victor and of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Spoil — Spoil, n. [Cf. OF. espoille, L. spolium.] 1. That which is taken from another by violence; especially, the plunder taken from an enemy; pillage; booty. [1913 Webster] Gentle gales, Fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense Native perfumes, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spoil — [ spɔıl ] verb ** ▸ 1 make worse ▸ 2 allow child everything ▸ 3 treat someone with care ▸ 4 food: become too old ▸ 5 in election ▸ + PHRASES 1. ) transitive to affect something in a way that makes it worse, less attractive, or less enjoyable:… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Spoil — (spoil), v. i. 1. To practice plunder or robbery. [1913 Webster] Outlaws, which, lurking in woods, used to break forth to rob and spoil. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. To lose the valuable qualities; to be corrupted; to decay; as, fruit will soon… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spoil — c.1300, from O.Fr. espoillier to strip, plunder, from L. spoliare to strip of clothing, rob, from spolium armor stripped from an enemy, booty; originally skin stripped from a killed animal, from PIE *spol yo , perhaps from root *spel to split, to …   Etymology dictionary

  • spoil — [v1] ruin, hurt blemish, damage, debase, deface, defile, demolish, depredate, desecrate, desolate, despoil, destroy, devastate, disfigure, disgrace, harm, impair, injure, make useless, mar, mess up*, muck up*, pillage, plunder, prejudice, ravage …   New thesaurus

  • spoil — [spoil] vt. spoiled or Brit. spoilt, spoiling [ME spoilen < MFr espoillier < L spoliare, to plunder < spolium, arms taken from a defeated foe, plunder, orig., hide stripped from an animal < IE base * (s)p(h)el , to split, tear off… …   English World dictionary

  • spoil|er — «SPOY luhr», noun. 1. a person or thing that spoils. 2. a person who takes spoils. 3. a movable flap on the upper surface of the wing of an airplane, to help in slowing down or in decreasing lift, as in descending or landing. 4. an airflow… …   Useful english dictionary

  • spoil — I (impair) verb addle, blemish, blight, botch, break, bungle, butcher, corrumpere, corrupt, damage, damage irreparably, debase, decay, decompose, deface, defile, deform, demolish, destroy, deteriorate, dilapidate, disable, disfigure, go bad, harm …   Law dictionary

  • spoil — ► VERB (past and past part. spoilt (chiefly Brit. ) or spoiled) 1) diminish or destroy the value or quality of. 2) (of food) become unfit for eating. 3) harm the character of (a child) by being too indulgent. 4) treat with great or excessive… …   English terms dictionary

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